Collection of incisor teeth from a freshly
We have found that collecting the center incisor teeth from freshly killed
deer to be very easy, actually much easier than removing the jaw bone for the much less accurate eruption wear
technique. Click here to a separate page for an instruction sheet with photos you can
print. You will find that with experience you will be able to remove these 2 teeth in 3 minutes or less.
• First open the deer's mouth slightly and then take a sharp, thin bladed knife and make a cut between the two center incisors on
the inside of the deer's mouth. The knife in the picture is from a Leatherman tool. The easiest way we have found to make these
cuts is by pushing down with the knife making a slow rocking motion until the knife will go no further. The cut will extend on
both the inside and outside of the deer’s teeth and down about three times the distance the teeth extend above the gum line
(Click to view)
D. Make another cut on either side of these two center incisors using the same technique. Then return back to your
original cut, insert your blade and make a side to side motion further loosening the roots. Now, with your thumb, apply downward
pressure (outward) to one of the incisors until it starts to come loose. In this photo
(Click to view) we show the bottom front jaw of a whitetail with all the flesh removed (not necessary for incisor removal).
As you can easily see, there is very little bone/ cartilage supporting the root tips of these incisors, which is why this
downward pressure works without breaking off the root. You may need to apply a twisting, pulling force and use your knife to
completely detach this tooth from the jaw. Trim any large chunks of flesh away from the tooth and discard. Remove the other
incisor in the same manner (Click to view)
I. Place both of these teeth in a small paper envelope and mark the envelope with your identification nomenclature
(i.e. Jim’s 8 point 2005; Joe’s doe 2004 Hill Country, etc.).
Please remember, the root of these teeth, especially the tip, is what we need undamaged to perform the aging
Our recommendation is that you identify the specimen with a
combination of hunter's name, sex of deer and species, month and year of kill, and location. You might also want to include your
estimate of the deer age before you killed it. Having your harvested deer accurately aged every time is a great way to get really
good at live aging of whitetail deer.
Removal of First Molar for Forensic Cementum Aging
If you are like us, you probably have saved jaw bones of trophies you have
taken in the past, but you don't have the incisors. Well, we have developed and verified a way to accurately age your trophy by
using a molar from those saved jawbones. It is called Whitetail Deer Molar Cementum Annuli Aging™, and is offered
only by Wildlife Analytical Laboratories. This process yields accuracy of results that are just as good as using the incisors, it
just is more difficult and time consuming. A mature whitetail has 3 premolars and 3 molars in each jaw. The tooth we want to
forensically age is the first molar.
(Click to view) This is the 4th tooth from the front of those 6 teeth in the jaw.
Removing this M1 molar is very difficult for most folks so we recommend you
send the entire jaw and let us remove it for you at no additional cost. Please refer to the Shipping of Entire Jaws suggestions
at the bottom of this page. However if you decide to remove the molar yourself, the easiest way we have found to remove this
tooth from the jaw is to immerse the jaw in hot water (just less than boiling) for 4 to 6 hours. Remove the jawbone from the hot
water, cool it with tap water, and then using a stiff, pointed tool (we use a fixed blade hunting knife) pry the tooth up from
the outside of the jaw. We place the point of the tool in the center (between the roots) of the first molar and pry it up as
shown in the photo.
(Click to view) When you have the tooth removed, place it in a paper envelope and mail it to us with a submission form and
payment for service. (This deer shown in the pictures was 6 ½ years old).
Collection of incisor teeth from a dried out/non fresh deer
Place the skull, jaw bones, or teeth, into a hot water bath at 120 to 160 degrees
Fahrenheit (hot but just not boiling) for 4-6 hours to loosen them for extraction. Exposure to excessive heat and/or chemical
agents can cause histological damage to teeth. Do not use bleach or other chemicals to clean or loosen the teeth.
How to Package Specimens for Submission
Shipping of Tooth Specimens
The two key things to remember and do in successfully shipping teeth
are:In our Deer Aging Kit, we provide a piece of
cardboard to fold in half around the teeth (tooth) and we also provide a small paper envelope (coin envelope) in which you place
the single specimen of teeth (two incisors or one molar) wrapped in cardboard and a larger pre addressed envelope. The outside of
this small envelope, or equivalent, should have written the nomenclature you are using to identify the specimen. Enclose this
small envelope, or equivalent; the completed Order Form (one for the complete
order), the completed Individual Specimen Submission Data Sheet(s) for each specimen, and check or money order (if not paying by
credit card) in the larger mail envelope and send it to us at:
1) Enclose the teeth with something that allows air to get to them (not sealed in plastic of any sort)
2) Provide some type of cushioning for the teeth (to prevent postal handling equipment from tearing the envelope and losing the
WILDLIFE ANALYTICAL LABORATORIES
Be sure and tell your postmaster you want your envelope to be “hand cancelled” or “no machine cancelling”. They will charge an extra $0.20 or so, but it reduces the chances your envelope will be torn by a machine and the teeth lost.
PO BOX 295
508 E. Jackson #295
Burnet, Texas 78611
We have had specimens arrive in great shape that were taped to a 1” x
2” piece of corrugated cardboard, folded in half and placed in a regular envelope with the submission form and payment.
Other folks have used bubble wrap around the teeth. All of these seem to work fine. The following links will take you to the
online forms which you just print out, fill in and send with your teeth: